Advanced Biofuels – A renewable fuel other than ethanol derived from cornstarch. Biodiesel is an advanced biofuel that can reach nationwide commercial production across India. The advanced biofuel category can apply to a variety of fuels, including biomass-based diesel, biogas, butanol or other alcohols and fuels derived from cellulosic biomass. Advanced biofuels reduce lifecycle emissions by more than 50 percent compared to petroleum and are the optimal alternative fuel as defined by federal law.
Alternative Fuel – Any fuel not derived from the conventional crude oil refining process, including biodiesel or ethanol.
Biodiesel - A fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, designated B100, and meeting the requirements of BIS 15607 which is a clean burning alternative fuel produced from domestic, renewable resources. Biodiesel B100 contains no petroleum but can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend.
Biodiesel Blends – A blend of biodiesel fuel, meeting BIS 15607 , with diesel, designated BXX, where XX represents the volume percentage of biodiesel fuel in the blend. Examples include: B5, B20, and B100
Biofuel – Broad term that encompasses any liquid fuel made from renewable biomass. The most common types of biofuels in use today are Biodiesel, ethanol, and renewable diesel.
Biogas – Gas produced by organic matter and byproducts including agricultural waste, plant material, or food waste.
BIS Standards All engines are designed and manufactured for a fuel that has certain characteristics. In India, the standards development organization that defines the specifications and test methods for fuels is the Bureau of Indian Standards. BIS fuel standards are the minimum accepted values for properties of the fuel to provide adequate engine performance. Indian Standards for B100 are BIS 15607
Bye-products – A secondary product made in the manufacture or synthesis of something else. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel made from agricultural byproducts such as palm oil and its derivatives, animal fats, and used cooking oil. In addition, glycerine is a co-product of biodiesel production and is often used in various industries.
Ethanol – A renewable, domestically produced fuel made from corn, sugar cane, waste food grains. Ethanol is a fuel alternative to conventional petrol that is most commonly sold to consumers as various blends in petrol but can be used in higher blends in flex-fuel vehicles. Ethanol is not biodiesel, but it is considered another renewable fuel or biofuel.
Feedstock – A common industry term to describe the raw materials used to supply biodiesel production. Biodiesel producers are utilizing a wide-ranging mix of feedstocks, such as used cooking oil, vegetable oils and their derivatives such as palm, palm stearin, soya, fatty acids, acid oils and; animal fats, and other byproducts.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) – The release of any gaseous compound that traps heat in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the majority of GHG emissions. Biodiesel reduces greenhouse gases significantly compared to petroleum-based diesel.
Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) - A company that produces parts or equipment used in the production of engines or vehicles.
Oil Marketing Companies (OMC) - Generally referred to the Government owned Oil Companies including Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, Indian Oil Corporation Limited. However there are other private players in the country which also refine and dispense fuels through pumps.
Particulate Matter - Particulate matter, an emission linked to asthma and other diseases, is reduced, and carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas, is reduced when using biodiesel.
Petroleum Diesel – Conventional fuel used to power compression ignition (diesel) engines, that is traditionally a middle distillate derived from petroleum refining.
Refinery – Industrial process plant where crude oil is refined into a variety of products including petrol, diesel etc,.
Sustainability - Meeting today’s needs for environmental stewardship, economic prosperity, and quality of life without compromising future generations’ ability to meet these needs for themselves.
Transesterification – A chemical process to produce methyl esters (biodiesel), whereby the crude glycerine is separated from the oil or fat. The process leaves behind two products – methyl esters (biodiesel) and glycerine (valuable byproduct usually sold to be used in soaps and other products).
Biodiesel Manufacturers Association of India (BMAI)
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