"The earth was not given to us by our parents, it has been loaned to us by our children."
Climate Change and Global Warming is real and it threatens to unsettle economies and create disadvantages to people in most developing countries. There are many concerns of opting for an alternate renewable source of Energy and Biodiesel is emerging as the forerunner to replace fossil fuel.
Major Green fuels for the transport sectors are becoming popular in many countries and the fastest growing is that of Biodiesel. Biodiesel contributes to the environment, it secures a region’s energy needs and provides the freedom to rural areas to access decentralized power. As a Green Fuel it also enables the Transport and Industrial sectors to grow on Clean Development Mechanism. Production and consumption of Biodiesel derived from oil-bearing trees improves green cover, raises the water table, prevents soil erosion, prevents Global warming and most of all is renewable and hence stands out as the most preferred alternate fuel for sustainable growth.
It will be appreciated that fossil oil is fast running out. It is therefore necessary to find and support viable replacements that can reduce pollution levels and be truly sustainable.
Biodiesel has numerous applications. Amongst many uses, it is used in industries, as an alternative Green Fuel for Petroleum based products, in generators, as heating fuel.
The availability of Fossil fuel in the infinite future depends on a number of factors:
1. The natural and beneficial regeneration of the source of energy - the Fossil fuel.
2. The cost-effectiveness of producing the Fossil fuel, taking into account the energy cost of production and the mechanical efficiency with which it can be used.
3. The ease and safety with which the fuel may be stored and used.
4. Improvement to the environment, which can be achieved and maintained.
Biodiesel is an alternate viable solution meeting all the above factors.
Biodiesel is an Ecofriendly Diesel substitute which can be used in various blend ratios with Diesel.
Biodiesel can be manufactured from a range of various feedstocks i.e. Vegetable Oils and their derivatives, Used Cooking Oils, Animal Tallow, amongst others.
Biodiesel is a proven tool to reduce Carbon Emissions.
Biodiesel has the potential to create jobs, uplift rural economies, reduce dependency on foreign fuels, save the country's foreign exchange and assist in meeting the Country's Climate Goals.
Biodiesel is an Ecofriendly fuel made from Vegetable oils and its allied products amongst other feedstock like Tallow, Used Cooking Oils etc. It is a clear liquid without any unpleasant odour.
Biodiesel can be mixed upto 20% levels with regular vehicular Diesel in any Diesel Engine without any modifications or can be used at 100% levels in any stationary engine.
Biodiesel has a high Flash Point and can be stored anywhere and is very safe to handle.
Biodiesel provides lubrication and reduces friction thereby increasing the life of the engine.
By using Biodiesel you can avoid adding any expensive lubricating oil.
Usage of Biodiesel reduces the pollution levels. The reduction in pollution levels is evident from a comparison of any vehicle’s PUC reports from the very next day of commencing utilization.
Biodiesel is less toxic than common table salt and rapidly biodegradable.
Biodiesel is essentially Carbon plus Oxygen plus Hydrogen. Due to the oxygen content it is a very clean fuel, producing about less carbon particulates than Petro diesel, together with less carbon monoxides.
Biodiesel does not emit carcinogenic particulate matter, contains no sulphur, other than by contamination from the soil, acid rain or commercial alcohol used in the processing.
Comparisons of Pollutants
Sulphur oxides (SOx): Every tonne of Petro diesel that is burnt adds sulphur oxides to the atmosphere, causing irritation to the respiratory system and adding to the formation of acid rain. Biodiesel contains no sulphur, other than any which may be absorbed from the (polluted) atmosphere or from field dressings applied during growth of the oil bearing plants.
Carbon Monoxide (CO): Every tonne of Petro diesel that is burnt adds carbon monoxide to the atmosphere, which restricts the ability of the blood to absorb oxygen. It is therefore a poisonous gas, most of which is produced by transport fuels.
The advantage of Biodiesel is that it contains additional oxygen molecules, which improve the burning efficiency of the fuel. This inhibits the production of monoxides, resulting in a reduction in emissions.
Particulate matter (PM): Every tonne of Petro diesel that is burnt adds solid particles to the atmosphere in the form of solid carbon soot, around which form the carcinogenic polyaromatic hydrocarbons which are conveyed to the lung tissue by the air we breathe. Biodiesel emits less particles than Petro diesel.
Visual evidence is available just by watching a vehicle powered by Biodiesel – it emits little or no black smoke after acceleration!
Fossil oil the source of Petro diesel is in itself, a pollutant. From oil slicks caused by the illegal washing out of tanks at sea to the massive destruction of wildlife and tourist facilities after a marine disaster, the effects have been catastrophic. As a recent business report shows, fossil oil degrades only about half in the first 21 days after a spill – Biodiesel is almost completely harmlessly broken down in the same period.
EFFECTS OF BIODIESEL
The case we have made so far is based on the need for substitute fuels with reduction in pollution levels, Biodiesel being eminently suitable in terms of ecological impact, sustainability and usability. Today, vehicles are running on Biodiesel in USA, European and other countries and their respective governments are offering incentives on the usage of Biodiesel to curtail pollution and to encourage development of alternative forms of energy.
APPLICATIONS AND BLENDING
Being a superior fuel than regular Petro-diesel due to its physical and chemical qualities, Biodiesel can be used in any mobile, stationary or semi stationary engine in different blends ranging from B5 to B100.
Biodiesel is recommended to be used, upto 20% Levels, in any standard diesel engine, by simple blending with Petro-Diesel, without any modification to the engines.
It can be used in Trucks, Tempos, Trailers, Commercial Vehicles, Passenger Vehicles, Barges, Boats, Ferries, Sea Transport Vessels, Generators, Cranes, Digi Sets, Tower Infrastructure, Mining Equipments amongst others.
For mobile Diesel engines, we suggest that Biodiesel is initially incorporated, by blending with Petro- Diesel, at 5% levels and gradually increased to 20% over a period of few weeks. This is due to the fact that it has excellent cleaning properties and would clean up the residues in the system and this should be done gradually.
For semi-stationery Engines – from initial 5% levels to 20%. For stationery Engines – from initial 5% levels to 100%.
STORAGE & BLENDING
Biodiesel has a high Flash Point can be stored anywhere and is very safe to handle. It can be stored in bottles, jars, cans, drums, IBC, Tanks or Flexis (or as per the requirement of the customer).
Biodiesel can be stored in the vehicle and blended very simply by adding it to the Fuel-Tank of the vehicle when the vehicle goes to any regular petrol-pump for re-fueling. Similar blending procedure maybe followed for Stationery Engines, which are re-fueled on site itself & also for sea-faring Vessels.
Biodiesel can also be safely stored in Drums, on board sea-faring vessels, for use during re- fueling process.
Biodiesel Manufacturers Association of India (BMAI)
E-4, Defence Colony, 3rd Floor, Ring Road, New Delhi 110024, INDIA
T: +91 11 4504 4756 | E: firstname.lastname@example.org
Regn. No.: S-E/1861/Distt. South East/2022 | Copyright & All rights reserved © 2022-2027